Today I have chosen to talk about Scotland's great inventors. Some of these names you may have heard of and some you may not know. Either way, I hope you find this as interesting as I did.
JAMES WATT (1736-1819)- Perfected the Steam Engine. The Greenock-born genius changed our world from an agricultural society to an industrial one. He transformed steam engines into the power of the Industrial revolution. The electrical unit is named after him.
WILLIAM MURDOCH (1754-1839)- Invented Gas Lighting. Born in Lugar, Ayrshire is famous as the Scot who lit the world. His Cornwall home was the first to be lit by gas and by 1803 gas was used around Britain. He also invented steam tricycle, steam canon, and waterproof paint.
CHARLES MACINTOSH (1766- 1843)- Invented the Raincoat. Glasgow-born chemist developed the technique of sandwiching a layer of rubber between two layers of cloth, making it waterproof. It was first used for an 1824 Artic expedition. His name lives on today when we refer to wearing a mackintosh or a mac.
JAMES YOUNG SIMPSON (1811-1870)- Discovered chloroform. The baker's son from Bathgate pioneered anaesthetics. As Professor of Midwifery at Edinburgh University, he was the first to use anaesthetics during childbirth. He won acclaim after using chloroform on Queen Victoria.
LORD KELVIN (1824-1907)- The father of Thermodynamics. Went to Glasgow University at the age of 10. He developed the science of Thermodynamics and formulated the Kelvin scale of absolute temperature. He also supervised the laying of the first transatlantic telegraph cable and improved ship's compass.
This is just a few of Scotland's greatest minds. For more, follow this link. www.mulitplesclerosis.co.uk/big-ideas/scottish-inventors/html.